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印度煤炭部长称未来二十年煤炭需求将增加到现在的三倍 2010/10/8 16:11:53点击:20601
    信息来源:技术中心科技管理部提供
    印度煤炭部长Sriprakash Jaiswal日前在新德里称,未来二十年,作为亚洲第二大高速增长的主要经济体,印度发电、钢铁和水泥行业对煤炭的需求将增加三倍之多。到2030年,印度可能会消耗20多亿公吨煤炭。目前,印度年产煤炭5.3亿吨,进口煤炭6700万吨,南亚大陆的煤炭蕴藏量为2770亿吨。
    目前在印度燃煤发电站到了总装机发电能力的百分之五十三,政府希望保持煤炭作为本国最重要的能源来源。按照德意志银行的预测,印度及其邻国中国在未来十年可能会成为主导煤炭进口国,从而取代西方国家。
按照Jaiswal的说法,在未来八到九年,印度的煤炭产量预计将会以每年10亿吨的幅度增加,这一数字是中国预计年产量的百分之三十。
    Jaiswal在一份声明中说,世界上最大的燃料生产商,即国有的印度煤炭公司计划从印度尼西亚、澳大利亚、南非和美国购买矿产。
    印度煤炭现开采印度探明储量的绝大部分,大约1100亿吨,印度的煤炭储量预计可联系开采100多年。
印度煤炭公司的董事长Partha Bhattacharyya在会上发言称,该公司从海外采购的煤炭预计到2016年会从截止到2011年3月的8000万吨增加到2亿吨。
    Bhattacharyya说,印度市场高涨的需求可能会推高国际市场煤炭价格,政府计划在下月的一项原始股出让中出售百分之十印度煤炭公司的股份。
    根据中央电力机构的统计,到8月31日,印度煤炭发电占到了该国164509兆瓦装机能力的87858兆瓦。
    
    

Indian Coal Demand May Triple in Next Two Decades, Minister Says


    By Rakteem Katakey and Tushar Dhara -  Sep 24, 2010 5:18 PM GMT+0800
    India’s coal demand may more than triple in the next two decades as Asia’s second-fastest growing major economy seeks the fuel to generate electricity and run steel, cement plants.
    The nation may consume more than 2 billion metric tons of coal by 2030, Coal Minister Sriprakash Jaiswal said in New Delhi today. India produces 530 million tons of the fuel a year and imports about 67 million tons annually. The South Asian country has coal reserves of about 277 billion tons, he said.
    Coal currently fires 53 percent of installed power generation capacity in India and the government expects the fuel to remain the most important source of energy for the country. India and neighbor China may become the dominant importers of coal during the next 10 years, displacing Western nations, according to Deutsche Bank AG.
    The nation’s coal output is expected to rise to 1 billion tons a year in the next eight to nine years, according to Jaiswal. That’s 30 percent of China’s estimated annual production this year.
     State-owned Coal India Ltd., the world’s biggest producer of the fuel, plans to buy mines in Indonesia, Australia, South Africa and the U.S., Jaiswal said in a statement today.
     Coal India mines most of India’s proven reserves of about 110 billion tons and the country’s deposits are expected to last for more than 100 years, according to Jaiswal.
    India’s coal purchases from overseas are expected to grow to 200 million tons by March 2016 from 80 million tons planned in the year ending March 2011, Partha Bhattacharyya, chairman of Coal India, said at the conference.
Rising demand in India may drive up international coal prices, said Bhattacharyya. The government plans to sell a 10 percent stake in Coal India in an initial public offer next month.
    Coal is used to fire 87,858 megawatts of India’s installed capacity of 164,509 megawatts as of Aug. 31, according to the Central Electricity Authority.